In an increasingly tense security environment and persistent economic instability, Afghanistan is likely to continue witnessing rising waves of out-migration and forced return. As issues of migration are becoming increasingly politicized, and out-migration as a process much more difficult and hazardous for Afghans, there is more than ever a need for a clear understanding of dynamics that result in a decision to migrate on the one hand, and the dynamics resettlement in or return from host countries on the other. Informed policy making and programming on migration will need to be based on ongoing monitoring and applied research in the following and related areas:
– Drivers of migration and return
– Human security of migrants in transit and at destination countries
– Economic impacts of out-migration and return
– Dynamics of re-integration of returnees
– Brain drain and brain gain in migration processes
The Migration Governance Subcommittee of NAC-PP is mandated to identify the most pressing needs of those affected by migration – directly and indirectly, maintain up-to-date evidence on the dynamics of migration, and engage government authorities through evidence-based advocacy for informed policy making and programming on migration.