This paper examines the situation of fundamental rights in Kashmir with a specific focus on the impact of conflict on the institutionalization, or lack thereof, of these rights. It explores the interaction between civil society organizations (NGOs) and the government from a “good governance” perspective for Kashmir. The NGOs (local, national, and international organizations) and government institutions engaged for this research include entities working on the delivery of basic services such as education, health, food security, employment, and shelter. The research finds that there are numerous lessons from the Kashmir experience for Afghanistan, including awareness of the high risk of fundamental rights becoming secondary to concerns about managing social unrest and a volatile security environment.
Keywords: India, Kashmir, Human Rights, Fundamental Rights, Civil Society, Non-Governmental Organizations, Basic Services, Education, Health, Food Security, Employment, Shelter.